Kanchanaburi is a town in Kanchanaburi province located in the west part of Thailand. It lies approximately 120 kilometres west of Bangkok. This city was founded in 19th century by King Rama who used it as a defensive station against possible attacks from what is currently known as La Ya sub-district. This town relocated to its present site on the Northern side of the river. Kanchanaburi is currently situated at the point where River Kwai (or Khwae) Noi and Kwai Yai converge to form River Mae Klong.
It has a population of approximately 65,000 people. The majority of this population, according to statistics, is made up of people who are between the average ages of 15 to 68 years. Also, the community is made up of mostly Thai and Chinese communities with the greater number of them practising Buddhism. The climate of Kanchanaburi is tropical, rainy cloudy, warm and accompanied by the southwest monsoon wind during mid-May and up to mid-September. In the months of November to around mid-March, Kanchanaburi usually experiences dry, cold weather with the northeast monsoon wind. Its southern isthmus is always hot and humid. Kanchanaburi has various accommodation places that tourists can choose according to their interests. The accommodation here includes river rafts, riverside bungalows, five-star hotels, resorts and guest houses which are more affordable than the rest of the towns in Thailand.
To get to Kanchanaburi from Bangkok, you can decide to travel by train, mini-buses or taking a metered taxi. The train from Bangkok to Kanchanaburi can be made from Thonburi station in Bangkok, but is just a tiny train station, not the main one. The train cost 100 Baht from Bangkok to Kanchanaburi, and it leaves at 7.50 am and another one at 1.55 pm daily. Using a taxi from Bangkok to Kanchanaburi is quite expensive and mostly if you are travelling alone. It goes for roughly 1000 Baht, but it is faster than the train. The minibus option costs 250 Baht; this can be best suited for family and if they want to reach Kanchanaburi faster.
The Bridge over the River Kwai
There are several beautiful sites in Kanchanaburi. Firstly, the bridge on River Kwai is one of the most fantastic places in Kanchanaburi that attracts most of the tourists. The bridge was constructed by Japanese during the eras of World War II. This bridge is famous because of its history. It is the home of Kanchanaburi’s Chungkai War Cemetery where about 7000 POW’s who constructed the renowned railway were buried. This bridge is also where the major bombing of 1944 occurred. This explosion destroyed most of River Kwai Bridge. It also hosts the war museum where most of the materials that were used during the infamous World War II are displayed. This bridge was mostly utilised by the Japanese during the war to transport different war materials from India. It had a history of existence from late 1942 when its construction was started. Tourists travelling to River Kwai Bridge would enjoy watching the train from the Bridge or walking across the bridge.
Thailand-Burma Railway Center
The Thailand-Burma Railway Center is another historical and tourists destination in Kanchanaburi. It has an interactive museum which hosts several documents and materials of the World War II. It was built by the Japanese army using the Allied prisoners during the periods of the Second World War. There is also a research facility at Thailand-Burma railway centre that presents the history of Thailand and Burma railway. Such services also give tourists an enlightening experience. It is opened to the visitors’ every day as from 9.00 am until 5.00 pm subject to Thailand regulations. The charges for visiting the centre are different. The children from 7 years to 12 years would pay around B120. Adult and students are charged based on the purpose of their visit. Those who want educational services like taking them through the history of this railway centre would probably pay more than those who are just visiting to see it.
JEATH War Museum
The JEATH War Museum is another historical place to visit. It is one of the museums that have the history of the Death Railway that was constructed between 1942 and 1943 by war prisoners. This museum was built in 1977 by the instructions of by ten chief abbots of Wat. JEATH War Museum is situated in at the junction where River Kwai and River Kwai Noi meet. It has two sections. There is the section that depicts the building of Death Railway and the other section that shows the pictures of the construction of the bamboo hurts, photos of prisoners. Some of the remains of the weapons used during the war are also stored in this museum. The museum describes the difficulties prisoners faced in the construction of the Death Railway. The word JEATH is an acronym of the countries that participated in the building of the Death Railway. J stands for Japan, E for England; A for Australia, T stands for Thailand and H for Holland.
The Hellfire Pass
Another place also well worth a visit while exploring Kanchanaburi is Hellfire Pass site. This is a cutting line through the rocks that was designed to make way for the railway line. War prisoners were required to work long hours to complete the cutting which was the most challenging segment of the railway line. Hell Pass is well known for the harsh conditions in which the prisoners were subjected to during the construction of the Death Railway. Most people lost their lives here due to forced and hard labor thus the name Hell. It is a historic site where visitors can enjoy the rich but emotional story of its construction. It connects to the stories of River Kwai Bridge, the death railway, and the iniquitous Thailand bombing. Trains no longer run through this cutting as it was bombed many times during the war era.
Erawan National Park
The Erawan National Park is another tourists’ destination in Kanchanaburi. It is sited on the Hills of Tenasserim, west of Thailand in Kanchanaburi province. The large part of this park is covered by a mixture of deciduous forests and evergreen forest. There are some plains and small and beautiful streams. Erawan waterfall is the main attraction site of the park. Located on the east side of the park, it has bright green ponds. People can walk easily from the park headquarters to the falls. There are also several wild animals to watch. The most common animals in this park are wild elephants, the Indian muntjac, the wild serow, sambar deer as well as lar gibbon. Erawan Park is also the home to several birds such as crested serpent eagle, blue whistling thrush among others. It is usually opened for tourists’ every day from 7.am to 4.30 am Thailand time throughout the year.
The Sai Yok National Park
Further, there is the Sai Yok National Park. It is a home of high mountains, caves waterfalls, and forests. The park is located at about 100 kilometres northwest sides of Kanchanaburi town. It has the remains of the Death Railway materials as well as camps that were used by Japanese during the periods of war. Sai Yok Yai waterfalls are the main tourist attraction site in this park. This waterfall flows into the famous River Kwai Noi. There a rope suspension bridge nearby that visitor can use to cross River Kwai. The Tham lava caves in this park is another beautiful site to visit. The caves are complex and consist of large caverns that contain stalactites. Moreover, there is Sai Yok forest that is teak forest. The teak trees were used by Japanese in the construction of railway during the war era. There are also wild animals to watch in this park such as tiger, wild pig, barking deer and much more.